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Surgical Outcomes Research

Does Obesity Affect Surgical Outcomes in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis?

Upasani, Vidyadhar V. MD*†; Caltoum, Christine MD†; Petcharaporn, Maty BS†; Bastrom, Tracey MA†; Pawelek, Jeff BS†; Marks, Michelle MA†; Betz, Randal R. MD‡; Lenke, Lawrence G. MD§; Newton, Peter O. MD*† Study Design. A retrospective review of surgical outcomes in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis. Objective. To determine if an association…...

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Predictors of Change in Postoperative Pulmonary Function in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Prospective Study of 254 Patients

Newton, Peter O. MD*†; Perry, Andrew MD*†; Bastrom, Tracey P. MA*; Lenke, Lawrence G. MD‡; Betz, Randal R. MD§; Clements, David MD∥; D’Andrea, Linda MD§ Study Design. A multicenter study of prospectively collected pulmonary function testing and radiographic measures in patients surgically treated for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Objective. The…...

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Analysis of Sagittal Alignment in Thoracic and Thoracolumbar Curves in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: How Do These Two Curve Types Differ?

Upasani, Vidyadhar V. MD*; Tis, John MD‡; Bastrom, Tracey MA†; Pawelek, Jeff BS†; Marks, Michelle PT, MA†; Lonner, Baron MD§; Crawford, Alvin MD∥; Newton, Peter O. MD*† Study Design. Retrospective chart review and radiographic analysis. Objective. To determine if differences exist in the sagittal alignment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS)…...

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Outcomes of Surgical Treatment in Male Versus Female Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Patients

Marks, Michelle PT, MA*; Petcharaporn, Maty BS*; Betz, Randal R. MD†; Clements, David MD‡; Lenke, Larry MD§; Newton, Peter O. MD* Study Design. This research was part of a multicenter study of the surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Objective. To compare the radiographic and perioperative surgical treatment outcomes…...

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Thoracoscopic Scoliosis Surgery Affects Pulmonary Function Less Than Thoracotomy at 2 Years Postsurgery

Kishan, Shyam MD*; Bastrom, Tracey MA*; Betz, Randal R. MD†; Lenke, Lawrence G. MD‡; Lowe, Thomas G. MD§; Clements, David MD¶; D’Andrea, Linda MD†; Sucato, Daniel J. MD∥; Newton, Peter O. MD* Study Design. Prospective evaluation of pulmonary function before and 2 years after surgery following anterior scoliosis instrumentation. Objectives.…...

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Prospective Evaluation of 50 Consecutive Scoliosis Patients Surgically Treated With Thoracoscopic Anterior Instrumentation

Newton, Peter O. MD; Parent, Stefan MD, PhD; Marks, Michelle MA, PT; Pawelek, Jeff BS Study Design. Prospective, consecutive, single-surgeon case series of patients treated for scoliosis with thoracoscopic anterior spinal instrumentation. Background. A thoracoscopic approach for insertion of anterior instrumentation has been developed in the past 10 years, which…...

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Perioperative Changes in Pulmonary Function After Anterior Scoliosis Instrumentation: Thoracoscopic Versus Open Approaches

Faro, Frances D. MD*; Marks, Michelle C. PT, MA†; Newton, Peter O. MD†; Blanke, Kathy RN‡; Lenke, Lawrence G. MD‡ Study Design. A prospective evaluation of pulmonary function in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis undergoing surgical correction. Objective. To determine if a minimally invasive thoracoscopic approach had less postoperative pulmonary…...

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The Success of Thoracoscopic Anterior Fusion in a Consecutive Series of 112 Pediatric Spinal Deformity Cases

Newton, Peter O. MD*†; White, Klane K. MD, MS†; Faro, Frances MD†; Gaynor, Tracey MA* Study Design. A retrospective review of a single surgeon consecutive series of video-assisted thoracoscopic anterior release and fusion. Objectives. To examine radiographic fusion rates and standard radiographic parameters of spinal deformity correction, as well as…...

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Single-Rod Versus Dual-Rod Anterior Instrumentation for Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Biomechanical Study

Lowe, Thomas G. MD*; Enguidanos, Stephen T. MD*; Smith, David A.B. MSc*; Hashim, Shukor MD†; Eule, James M. MD*; O’Brien, Michael F. MD*; Diekmann, Molly J. BSc*; Wilson, Lucas BSME*; Trommeter, Julie M. BSME* Study Design. Anterior single- and dual-rod instrumented human and ovine thoracolumbar spines, with and without structural…...

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Prospective Pulmonary Function Comparison of Open Versus Endoscopic Anterior Fusion Combined With Posterior Fusion in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis

Lenke, Lawrence G. MD*; Newton, Peter O. MD†; Marks, Michelle C. PT, MA†; Blanke, Kathy M. RN*; Sides, Brenda MA†; Kim, Yongjung J. MD*; Bridwell, Keith H. MD* Study Design. Prospective clinical study. Objective. To evaluate pulmonary function tests at a minimum 2-year follow-up in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis…...

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