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Research in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis

Thoracoscopic Scoliosis Surgery Affects Pulmonary Function Less Than Thoracotomy at 2 Years Postsurgery

Kishan, Shyam MD*; Bastrom, Tracey MA*; Betz, Randal R. MD†; Lenke, Lawrence G. MD‡; Lowe, Thomas G. MD§; Clements, David MD¶; D’Andrea, Linda MD†; Sucato, Daniel J. MD∥; Newton, Peter O. MD* Study Design. Prospective evaluation of pulmonary function before and 2 years after surgery following anterior scoliosis instrumentation. Objectives.…...

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Distal Junctional Kyphosis of Adolescent Idiopathic Thoracic Curves Following Anterior or Posterior Instrumented Fusion: Incidence, Risk Factors, and Prevention

Lowe, Thomas G. MD; Lenke, Lawrence MD; Betz, Randal MD; Newton, Peter MD; Clements, David MD; Haher, Thomas MD; Crawford, Alvin MD; Letko, Lynn MD; Wilson, Lucas A. BSME Study Design. This is a retrospective multicenter analysis of a subset of 375 patients with thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) treated…...

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Prospective Evaluation of 50 Consecutive Scoliosis Patients Surgically Treated With Thoracoscopic Anterior Instrumentation

Newton, Peter O. MD; Parent, Stefan MD, PhD; Marks, Michelle MA, PT; Pawelek, Jeff BS Study Design. Prospective, consecutive, single-surgeon case series of patients treated for scoliosis with thoracoscopic anterior spinal instrumentation. Background. A thoracoscopic approach for insertion of anterior instrumentation has been developed in the past 10 years, which…...

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Perioperative Changes in Pulmonary Function After Anterior Scoliosis Instrumentation: Thoracoscopic Versus Open Approaches

Faro, Frances D. MD*; Marks, Michelle C. PT, MA†; Newton, Peter O. MD†; Blanke, Kathy RN‡; Lenke, Lawrence G. MD‡ Study Design. A prospective evaluation of pulmonary function in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis undergoing surgical correction. Objective. To determine if a minimally invasive thoracoscopic approach had less postoperative pulmonary…...

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The Success of Thoracoscopic Anterior Fusion in a Consecutive Series of 112 Pediatric Spinal Deformity Cases

Newton, Peter O. MD*†; White, Klane K. MD, MS†; Faro, Frances MD†; Gaynor, Tracey MA* Study Design. A retrospective review of a single surgeon consecutive series of video-assisted thoracoscopic anterior release and fusion. Objectives. To examine radiographic fusion rates and standard radiographic parameters of spinal deformity correction, as well as…...

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Single-Rod Versus Dual-Rod Anterior Instrumentation for Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Biomechanical Study

Lowe, Thomas G. MD*; Enguidanos, Stephen T. MD*; Smith, David A.B. MSc*; Hashim, Shukor MD†; Eule, James M. MD*; O’Brien, Michael F. MD*; Diekmann, Molly J. BSc*; Wilson, Lucas BSME*; Trommeter, Julie M. BSME* Study Design. Anterior single- and dual-rod instrumented human and ovine thoracolumbar spines, with and without structural…...

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Evaluation of a Functional Position for Lateral Radiograph Acquisition in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis

Faro, Frances D. MD*†; Marks, Michelle C. MA, PT†; Pawelek, Jeffrey BS†; Newton, Peter O. MD*† Study Design. A retrospective examination of lateral spine radiographs of 50 patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) was performed to evaluate the sagittal profile of patients in two different standing positions. Objectives. To evaluate…...

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Prospective Pulmonary Function Comparison of Open Versus Endoscopic Anterior Fusion Combined With Posterior Fusion in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis

Lenke, Lawrence G. MD*; Newton, Peter O. MD†; Marks, Michelle C. PT, MA†; Blanke, Kathy M. RN*; Sides, Brenda MA†; Kim, Yongjung J. MD*; Bridwell, Keith H. MD* Study Design. Prospective clinical study. Objective. To evaluate pulmonary function tests at a minimum 2-year follow-up in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis…...

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Anterior Single-Rod Instrumentation of the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine: Saving Levels

Lowe, Thomas G. MD*; Betz, Randal MD*; Lenke, Lawrence MD†; Clements, David MD‡; Harms, Jürgen§; Newton, Peter MD¶; Haher, Thomas MD∥; Merola, Andrew MD§; Wenger, Dennis MD¶ Study Design. To evaluate the ability of single-rod anterior instrumentation to save or preserve fusion levels and improve thoracic hypokyphosis in patients with…...

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Anterior Single Rod Instrumentation for Thoracolumbar Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis With And Without the Use of Structural Interbody Support

Lowe, Thomas G. MD; Alongi, Paul R. MD; Smith, David A. B. MSc; O’Brien, Michael F. MD; Mitchell, Shari L. MA; Pinteric, Raymarla J. MT Study Design. A radiographic and clinical outcomes analysis of 41 patients treated for thoracolumbar adolescent idiopathic scoliosis utilizing a single anterior rigid rod construct. Objectives.…...

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